Persistence of racism specifically as it relates to public school funding policy, practice, and educational disparities; disproportionate discipline practices; significant disproportionality; urban education, equity, gender performance, school finance, and charter school performance for students historically underperforming
Research and Presentations
Gunn, S., Polega, M., Smart, R. Amorim Neto, R., Gotzs, N., Moore, J., (2019). The Impact of Teacher Coaching on Student Engagement: A Mixed-Methods Study. Submitted. 2019.
Smart, R. & Caldwell, P. (2017). An analysis: The resource management of public
schools in Michigan. Journal of Effective Schools Project, Vol 25.
Smart, R. E. (2019). Comparing resource-allocation practices on student performance between charter public schools and
traditional public schools [University of Michigan].
Caldwell, P., Smart, R., & Richardson, J. (2021) An investigation to explain structural racism associated with Michigan public charter districts funding effort. Journal of Education Human Resources.
Caldwell, P., Pearson, A., & Smart R. (2020) Addressing disproportionate discipline:
Building equity by understanding the need for change. Principal Leadership. March ed.
Smart, R., Caldwell, P., Polega, M., & Sim, G. (2022). The Crisis of Michigan’s School Finance Reform Proposal A: Taxable Value, District Debt Local Expenditure Journal of Education Human Resources.
Office of Michigan Public Schools Finance (MiPSF) at Eastern Michigan University, College of Education, Ypsilanti, Michigan
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Purpose: The primary aim of this research is to examine the persistence of racism specifically as it relates to public school funding policy, practice, and educational disparities within Michigan.